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US Uptick in homebuilt accidents in 2018

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While fatal accidents in amateur-built aircraft remain at historic lows, a slight increase in the total for the last 12-month reporting period shows the continuing necessity for dedicated educational efforts to push the total even lower, according to officials with the Experimental Aircraft Association.


The FAA reports that for the 12-month period from Oct. 1, 2018, to Sept. 30, 2019, fatal accident totals for the experimental category overall, including amateur-built aircraft, racing aircraft, those used for exhibit only, research-and-development, and some types of light-sport aircraft, rose to 52 — five above the FAA’s “not to exceed” goal of 47 for the period.


Of that total, 39 fatal accidents were in amateur-built aircraft, an increase of four from the previous reporting period.


The FAA measures accident totals on an October through September annual basis to coincide with the federal government’s fiscal year.


The National Transportation Safety Board also reported in November 2019 that fatal accidents in all categories of general aviation increased in calendar year 2018 after several years of decline.


“What this increase tells us is that enhancing safety is not simply a target number to be reached, but a continual effort to build on the positive foundation we have already established,” said Sean Elliott, EAA’s vice president of advocacy and safety. “We are pleased that the accident totals remain below the challenge goal FAA issued to us in 2010, when the agency asked us to reduce the accident rate by 10% over the ensuing decade. It is not enough to simply reach a number however. We must keep a steady focus on making improvements, especially as the number of general aviation flight hours have increased over the past several years.”


Elliott noted that the overall fatal accident numbers for experimental category aircraft remain much lower than other recreational pursuits, such as boating, skiing and snowboarding, and driving all-terrain vehicles.  


EAA has worked closely with the FAA and NTSB on recommendations to reduce fatal accidents, including through participation in the FAA General Aviation Joint Steering Committee that EAA has co-chaired for the past three years. Efforts have also included more than 2,500 copies of the EAA Flight Test Manual now in the hands of amateur-built aircraft owners and the increasing use of an additional safety pilot during initial flight testing in amateur-built aircraft.


“With already very small numbers involved, a few additional accidents can create a percentage-rate anomaly, so it’s important to focus on driving the overall accident numbers lower,” Elliott said. “We must focus on training, situational awareness, and good pilot skills to complement the ever-improving technology that is part of today’s aircraft cockpits.”

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