DescriptionThe Avro York was a British transport aircraft developed by Avro during the Second World War.
The design was derived from the Avro Lancaster heavy bomber, several sections of the York and Lancaster being identical. Due to the importance of Lancaster production, York output proceeded at a slow pace until 1944, after which a higher priority was placed upon transport aircraft.
The York saw service in military and civilian roles with various operators between 1943 and 1964. In civilian service, British South American Airways (BSAA) and British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) were the largest users of the type. In military service, large numbers of Yorks were used for air-supply missions during the Berlin Blockade 1948–49. A number of the type were used as air transports of heads of state and government; VIPs who flew on Yorks, included British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, French General Charles de Gaulle, Indian Governor-General Lord Mountbatten and South African Prime Minister Jan Smuts.
The RAAF operated an Avro York in the Governor General's flight.
For more information on origins, design, production and operational history, click here.
- Crew: five (two pilots, navigator, wireless operator, cabin steward) Capacity: 56 passengers
- 78 ft 6 in (23.9 m)
- 102 ft 0 in (31.1 m)
- 16 ft 6 in (5 m)
- Wing Area:
- 1,297 ft2 (120.5 m2)
- Wing Loading:
- 54 lb/ft2 (260 kg/m2)
- Empty Weight:
- 40,000 lb (18,150 kg)
- Loaded weight: 65,000 lb (29,480 kg)
- 4 × Rolls-Royce Merlin 24 liquid-cooled V12 engines, 1,280 hp (955 kW) each
- Maximum speed: 298 mph (258 kn, 479 km/h) at 21,000 ft (6,400 m)
- 3,000 mi (2,600 nmi, 4,800 km)
- Rate of Climb:
- 820 ft/min (4.2 m/s)
- Service Ceiling:
- 23,000 ft (7,010 m)