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  • Tupolev Tu-144

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    Description

    The Tupolev Tu-144 (Russian: Tyполев Ту-144; NATO reporting name: Charger) is a Soviet supersonic passenger airliner designed by Tupolev in operation from 1968 to 1999.

    General Information

    The Tu-144 is sometimes referred to as the Russian Concorde, or Concordeski.

     

    The Tu-144 was the world's first commercial supersonic transport aircraft with its prototype's maiden flight from Zhukovsky Airport on 31 December 1968, two months before the British-French Concorde. The Tu-144 was a product of the Tupolev Design Bureau, an OKB headed by aeronautics pioneer Aleksey Tupolev, and 16 aircraft were manufactured by the Voronezh Aircraft Production Association in Voronezh. The Tu-144 conducted 102 commercial flights, of which only 55 carried passengers, at an average service altitude of 16,000 metres (52,000 ft) and cruised at a speed of around 2,200 kilometres per hour (1,400 mph) (Mach 2). The Tu-144 first went supersonic on 5 June 1969, four months before Concorde, and on 26 May 1970 became the world's first commercial transport to exceed Mach 2.

     

    The Tu-144 suffered from reliability and developmental issues, and with the 1973 Paris Air Show Tu-144 crash, restricted the viability for regular use. The Tu-144 was introduced into passenger service with Aeroflot between Moscow and Almaty on 26 December 1975, but withdrawn less than three years later after a second Tu-144 crashed and retired on 1 June 1978. The Tu-144 remained in commercial service as a cargo aircraft until cancellation of the Tu-144 program in 1983. The Tu-144 was later used by the Soviet space program to train pilots of the Buran spacecraft, and by NASA for supersonic research until 1999. The Tu-144 made its final flight on 26 June 1999 and surviving aircraft were put on display across the world or into storage.

     

    Along with early Tu-134s, the Tu-144 was one of the last commercial aircraft with a braking parachute. The prototypes were also the only passenger jets ever fitted with ejection seats, albeit only for the crew and not the passengers. A total of 16 Tu-144's were built.

     

    For details of the development, design, production and operational history of the Tu-144, click here.

     

     

     

     

    Tu-144 cccp-68001e.jpg

    Tu-144 CCCP-77106 static display.jpg

    Tu-144 Head on, canards, nose droop.jpg

    Tu-144LL SST Takeoff.jpg

    Specifications

    Seats:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tupolev_Tu-144
    Length:
    65.7 m (215 ft 7 in)
    Wingspan:
    28.8 m (94 ft 6 in)
    Height:
    12.55 m (41 ft 2 in)
    Wing Area:
    506.35 sq m (5,450.3 sq ft)
    Wing Loading:
    410.96 kg/sq m (84.17 lb/sq ft)
    Empty Weight:
    99,200 kg (218,699 lb)
    MTOW:
    207,000 kg (456,357 lb)
    Fuel Capacity:
    93,000 kg (205,000 lb)
    Powerplant:
    4 × Kolesov RD-36-51 turbojet or Kuznetsov NK-144 turbofan afterburning engines, 240 kN (54,000 lbf) thrust each
    Vne:
    Maximum speed: 2,500 km/h (1,600 mph, 1,300 kn), Mach 2.15
    Cruise Speed:
    2,125 km/h (1,320 mph, 1,147 kn), Cruise Mach number: M2
    Range:
    6,500 km (4,000 mi, 3,500 nmi)
    Rate of Climb:
    50 m/s (9,800 ft/min)
    Service Ceiling:
    20,000 m (66,000 ft)

    User Feedback

    Recommended Comments

    As someone who used to live under the long final approach to Heathrow's 27L when Concorde was alive, I am trying to think where I have seen one of these before... sporting different livery, though... 😁

     

    A few times,I was having a telephone meeting and we had to pause.. and the Bloomin Concorde was probably on close to idle...

     

    [edit] I say "Blooin" as a mark of affection of the ol' bird..

    Edited by Jerry_Atrick
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