DescriptionThe Tupolev Tu-154 (Russian: Tyполев Ту-154; NATO reporting name: "Careless") is a three-engine medium-range narrow-body airliner designed in the mid-1960s and manufactured by Tupolev.
A workhorse of Soviet and (subsequently) Russian airlines for several decades, it carried half of all passengers flown by Aeroflot and its subsidiaries (137.5 million/year or 243.8 billion passenger km in 1990), remaining the standard domestic-route airliner of Russia and former Soviet states until the mid-2000s. It was exported to 17 non-Russian airlines and used as a head-of-state transport by the air forces of several countries.
With a cruising speed of 850 kilometres per hour (530 mph) the Tu-154 is one of the fastest civilian aircraft in use and has a range of 5,280 kilometres (3,280 mi). Capable of operating from unpaved and gravel airfields with only basic facilities, it was widely used in the extreme Arctic conditions of Russia's northern/eastern regions where other airliners were unable to operate. Originally designed for a 45,000-hour service life (18,000 cycles) but capable of 80,000 hours with upgrades, it was expected to continue in service until 2016, although noise regulations have restricted flights to western Europe and other regions.
For more details of the development and operational history of the Tu-154, click here.
- Cockpit crew 3 - 5 depending on variant, passengers 114–180
- 48.0 metres (157 ft 6 in)
- 37.55 metres (123 ft 2 in)
- 11.4 metres (37 ft 5 in)
- Wing Area:
- 201.5 square metres (2,169 sq ft)
- Empty Weight:
- 50,700 kilograms (111,800 lb) -55,300 kilograms (121,900 lb) depending on variant
- 98,000 kilograms (216,000 lb) – 104,000 kilograms (229,000 lb) depending on variant
- Fuel Capacity:
- 47,000 litres (10,000 imp gal; 12,000 US gal) - 49,700 litres (10,900 imp gal; 13,100 US gal) depending on variant
- Kuznetsov NK-8-2U or 3 x Soloviev D-30KU-154 low bypass turbofans
- Maximum speed 913 km/h (M 0,86)
- 2,500 km (1,300 nmi; 1,600 mi) - 5,280 km (2,850 nmi; 3,280 mi)
- Service Ceiling:
- 12,100 metres (39,700 ft)