DescriptionThe Yakovlev Yak-40 is a regional jet designed by Yakovlev.
The trijet maiden flight was made in 1966, and it was in production from 1967 to 1981. Introduced in September 1968, the Yak-40 has been exported since 1970.
The Yak-40 is a low-winged cantilever monoplane with unswept wings, a large T-tail and a retractable tricycle landing gear. The passenger cabin is ahead of the wing, with the short rear fuselage carrying the three turbofan engines, with two engines mounted on short pylons on the side of the fuselage and a third engine in the rear fuselage, with air fed from a dorsal air-intake by an "S-duct", as is an auxiliary power unit, fitted to allow engine start-up without ground support on primitive airfields. The three AI-25 engines are two-shaft engines rated at 14.7 kN (3,300 lbf). The engines have no jetpipes, and initially no thrust reversers.
The pressurized fuselage has a diameter of 2.4 metres (94 in). Pilot and co-pilot sit side-by-side in the aircraft's flight deck, while the passenger cabin has a standard layout seating 24 to 27 passengers three-abreast, although 32 passengers can be carried by switching to four-abreast seating. Passengers enter the aircraft via a set of ventral airstairs in the rear fuselage.
The wing is fitted with large trailing-edge slotted flaps, but has no other high-lift devices, relying on the aircraft's low wing loading to give the required short-field take-off and landing performance. The wings join at the aircraft centerline, with the main spar running from wingtip to wingtip The wings house integral fuel tanks with a capacity of 3,800 litres (1,000 US gal; 840 imp gal). The aircraft has a large fin, which is swept back at an angle of 50 degrees to move the tailplane rearwards to compensate for the short rear fuselage. The horizontal tailplane itself is unswept.
The Yak-40 was the first Soviet-built airliner designed to Western airworthiness requirements.
For details of the operational history and 20 variants, click here.
- Two pilots, one flight mechanic, 32 passengers
- 20.36 m (66 ft 10 in)
- 25.0 m (82 ft 0 in)
- 6.50 m (21 ft 4 in)
- Wing Area:
- 70.00 sq m (753.5 sq ft)
- Empty Weight:
- 9,400 kg (20,723 lb)
- 15,500 kg (34,172 lb)
- Fuel Capacity:
- 3,910 L (860 imp gal; 1,030 US gal)
- 3 × Ivchenko AI-25 turbofan engines, 14.7 kN (3,300 lbf) thrust each
- Maximum speed: Mach 0.7 (IAS)
- Cruise Speed:
- 550 km/h (340 mph, 300 kn) at 7,000 m (23,000 ft) (max. cruise)
- 1,800 km (1,100 mi, 970 nmi)
- Rate of Climb:
- 8.00 m/s (1,575 ft/min)
- Service Ceiling:
- 8,000 m (26,000 ft)