DescriptionThe Stinson Reliant is a popular single-engine four- to five-seat high-wing monoplane manufactured by the Stinson Aircraft Division of the Aviation Manufacturing Corporation of Wayne, Michigan.
The Reliant is a high-wing, fixed-tailwheel land monoplane powered with a variety of radial engines.
1,327 Reliants of all types were made from 1933 to 1941, in different models, from SR-1 to SR-10. The final commercial model, the Stinson Reliant SR-10, was introduced in 1938. A militarized version was first flown in February 1942 and remained in production through several additional versions (all externally identical) until late 1943 for the US and British armed forces.
Reliant production can be broken into two distinct types – the straight-wing Reliants (all models up to SR-6) and the gull-wing Reliants (all models from SR-7 and after, including the militarized V-77/AT-19), with there being little in common between the two groups of types. The straight-wing Reliant has a wing of constant chord and thickness which is supported by two struts each side with additional bracing struts. In contrast the taper-wing Reliant has the broadest chord and thickness of the wing at mid-span, with the outer wing trailing edge heavily angled forward and a rounded cutout on the leading edge root, all supported by a single strut. The taper wing has a significant step up between the fuselage and the wing, and the changes in wing thickness gave it a distinct gull appearance from the front.
The Reliant was used by the United States Army Air Forces in World War II as a utility aircraft, designated UC-81, and as trainer designated AT-19. The Royal Navy and Royal Air Force also used Reliants, for light transport and communication duties. After the war they were sold on the civilian market as the Vultee V-77.
The V-77 is a spartan version of the SR-10 with the 300 hp Lycoming R680-E3B, a single door on the left side and the traditional "bump" cowl was replaced with a simpler smooth cowl. Internal structure was beefed up significantly over the commercial models, and a distinctive triangle-shaped counterbalance was added to the rudder.
For details of the 38 civilian and 24 military variants, click here.
Specifications below are for the SR10F variant.
- Crew: one, pilot Capacity: 3 to 4 passengers
- 27 ft 11 in (8.51 m)
- 41 ft 7 in (12.68 m)
- 8 ft 6 in (2.59 m)
- Wing Area:
- 256.5 sq ft (23.84 sq m)
- Empty Weight:
- 3,045 lb (1,384 kg)
- Gross weight: 4,605 lb (2,093 kg)
- Fuel Capacity:
- 82 USG
- 1 × Pratt & Whitney Wasp Junior SB nine-cylinder air-cooled radial engine, 400 hp (298 kW)
- 235 km/h (146 mph)
- Cruise Speed:
- Cruise speed: 154 kn (177 mph, 285 km/h)
- Stall Speed:
- Landing speed: with flaps 89 km/h (55 mph)
- 739 nmi (850 mi, 1,369 km)
- Takeoff Dist.:
- ground roll: 780 ft
- Landing Dist.:
- ground roll: 700 ft
- Rate of Climb:
- 1,330 ft/min (6.8 m/s)
- Service Ceiling:
- 21,000 ft (6,400 m)