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  • Avro Type 694 Lincoln




    The Avro Lincoln is a British four-engined heavy bomber, which first flew on 9 June 1944.

    General Information

    Developed from the Avro Lancaster, the first Lincoln variants were initially known as the Lancaster IV and V; these were renamed Lincoln I and II. It was the last piston-engined bomber operated by the Royal Air Force (RAF). The war ended before the Lincoln went into action. Production of the type proceeded and the type was adopted in quantity, allowing it to complement and progressively replace the preceding Lancaster in RAF service during the late 1940s.


    The Lincoln was deployed on operations during the 1950s. RAF squadrons equipped with the type were used as part of Britain's action against guerrilla fighters during the Mau Mau Uprising in Kenya; the RAF and the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) operated the Lincoln during the Malayan Emergency. The type also saw significant peacetime service with the RAF, RAAF and the Argentine Air Force (Spanish: Fuerza Aérea Argentina). Lincolns were also operated in civil aviation, including use as aerial test beds for aero-engine research.


    In RAF service, the Lincoln was replaced by a new generation of bombers harnessing newly developed jet propulsion. Chief amongst these was the English Electric Canberra, which was also adopted by a wide range of operators across the world including the RAAF and Argentine Air Force.


    For details of he development, operational history and variants of the Lincoln, click here, and for a more detailed history of its service in the RAAF, click here.



    Avro Lincoln B.2 RF342.jpg

    Avro Lincoln RAAF A73-28.jpg

    Avro Lincoln RAAF A73-32.jpg

    Avro Lincoln RAAF A73-34.jpg

    Avro Lincoln RAAF Darwin.jpg


    Crew: 7
    23.86 m (78 ft 3.5 in)
    36.57 m (120 ft)
    5.26 m (17 ft 3.5 in)
    Wing Area:
    1,421 sq ft (132.0 sq m)
    Wing Loading:
    52.77 lb/sq ft (257.6 kg/sq m)
    Empty Weight:
    19 686 kg (43 400 lb)
    Loaded 34 019 kg (75 000 lb)
    Fuel Capacity:
    3,580 imp gal (4,300 US gal; 16,300 l) in 6 wing tanks ; Oil 150 imp gal (180 US gal; 680 l) in four nacelle tanks
    Four 1750 hp Rolls Royce Merlin 85 engines.
    Max speed 499 km/h (269 kt)
    Cruise Speed:
    346 km/h (187 kt)
    Stall Speed:
    75 mph (121 km/h, 65 kn) flaps and undercarriage extended
    6900 km (3728 nm)
    Rate of Climb:
    Initial climb 244 m (800 ft)/min
    Service Ceiling:
    28,000 ft (8534 m)

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    Didn't know this:

    As a consequence of the end of the war, production in Canada was halted after only a single aircraft had been constructed. Production in Australia went ahead: the Lincolns that were manufactured there were operated by the Royal Australian Air Force. Code A73, there happened to be 73 of these aircraft in RAAF service.



    From late 1946, Australian-built Lincolns were phased into No. 82 Wing, based at RAAF Base Amberley, Ipswich, Queensland. The type quickly replaced the Liberator bombers that had been operated by 12, 21 and 23 Squadrons. In February 1948, these units were renumbered 1, 2 and 6 Squadrons respectively; a fourth RAAF Lincoln squadron, No. 10 was formed on 17 March 1949 at RAAF Townsville as a reconnaissance unit.


    During the 1950s, RAAF Lincolns participated in combat operations in Malaya, operating alongside RAF examples. The RAAF based the B.Mk 30s of No.1 Squadron at Tengah, for the duration of operations in Malaya.


    These Lincolns served with 10 Squadron RAAF at RAAF Base Townsville, Garbutt, Queensland; the discovery of corrosion in the wing spars led to the type's premature retirement in 1961. The Lincoln MR.Mk 31 was the final variant to see service in Australia.

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    1 hour ago, Old Koreelah said:

    Years ago a group of us tried to reach the crash site of the Lincoln that was lost on a mercy dash to Brisbane. Crook weather and bad navigation led to it smacking into mountains. Our navigation was no better; we climbed the wrong damned mountain.






    Climbed it several times. Fly over it often, its a fairly easy climb, still a fair bit there as well. Heres a did you know about that aircraft.. My father dispatched it. Has a few stories to tell about the crew and the mission. Did you know the difference between where the crash sight is and their intended flight path was exactly the magnetic variation at the time? Dad crewed on Lincolns as well as being a maintainer and safety equipment worker, loved them. Wish i could hear one at take off power. Have attached a copy of a photo I took a few months ago. Wreckage is in the area circled. 


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