DescriptionThe Hawker Sea Fury is a British fighter aircraft designed and manufactured by Hawker Aircraft.
It was the last propeller-driven fighter to serve with the Royal Navy, and one of the fastest production single reciprocating engine aircraft ever built. Developed during the Second World War, the Sea Fury entered service two years after the war ended. It proved to be a popular aircraft with a number of overseas militaries, and was used during the Korean War in the early 1950s, as well as against the 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion of Cuba.
The Sea Fury's development was formally initiated in 1943 in response to a wartime requirement of the Royal Air Force (RAF), with the aircraft initially named Fury. As the Second World War drew to a close, the RAF cancelled their order for the aircraft; however, the Royal Navy saw the type as a suitable carrier aircraft to replace a range of increasingly obsolete or poorly-suited aircraft being operated by the Fleet Air Arm. Development of the Sea Fury proceeded, and the type began entering operational service in 1947.
The Sea Fury attracted international orders as both a carrier and land-based aircraft. It was operated by countries including Australia, Burma, Canada, Cuba, Egypt, West Germany, Iraq, and Pakistan. The type acquitted itself well in the Korean War, fighting effectively even against the MiG-15 jet fighter. Although the Sea Fury was retired by the majority of its military operators in the late 1950s in favour of jet-propelled aircraft, a considerable number of aircraft saw subsequent use in the civil sector, and several remain airworthy in the 21st century as heritage and racing aircraft.
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- 34 ft 8 in (10.57 m)
- 38 ft 4.75 in (11.7031 m)
- 15 ft 10.5 in (4.839 m)
- Wing Area:
- 280 sq ft (26 sq m)
- Empty Weight:
- 9,240 lb (4,191 kg)
- 14,650 lb (6,645 kg)
- 1 × Bristol Centaurus 18 18-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 2,480 hp (1,850 kW) for take-off
- Maximum speed: 460 mph (740 km/h, 400 kn) at 18,000 ft (5,486 m)
- 780 mi (1,260 km, 680 nmi)
- Rate of Climb:
- 4,320 ft/min (21.9 m/s)
- Service Ceiling:
- 35,800 ft (10,900 m)