DescriptionThe Hawker Typhoon (Tiffy in RAF slang) is a British single-seat fighter-bomber, produced by Hawker Aircraft.
It was intended to be a medium-high altitude interceptor, as a replacement for the Hawker Hurricane but several design problems were encountered and it never completely satisfied this requirement.
The Typhoon was originally designed to mount twelve .303 inch (7.7 mm) Browning machine guns and be powered by the latest 2,000 hp engines. Its service introduction in mid-1941 was plagued with problems and for several months the aircraft faced a doubtful future. When the Luftwaffe brought the formidable Focke-Wulf Fw 190 into service in 1941, the Typhoon was the only RAF fighter capable of catching it at low altitudes; as a result it secured a new role as a low-altitude interceptor.
The Typhoon became established in roles such as night-time intruder and long-range fighter. From late 1942 the Typhoon was equipped with bombs and from late 1943 RP-3 rockets were added to its armoury. With those weapons and its four 20mm Hispano autocannons, the Typhoon became one of the Second World War's most successful ground-attack aircraft.
The basic design of the Typhoon was a combination of traditional Hawker construction (such as used in the earlier Hawker Hurricane) and more modern construction techniques; the front fuselage structure, from the engine mountings to the rear of the cockpit, was made up of bolted and welded duralumin or steel tubes covered with skin panels, while the rear fuselage was a flush-riveted, semi-monocoque structure. The forward fuselage and cockpit skinning was made up of large, removable duralumin panels, allowing easy external access to the engine and engine accessories and most of the important hydraulic and electrical equipment. Entry to the cockpit was through a door on the right side and a hinged portion of the glazed canopy. Early versions had an opaque cockpit cover behind the pilots head.
For more details of the development, design, operational history and variants of the Typhoon, click here.
- Crew: 1
- 31 ft 11.5 in (9.741 m)
- 41 ft 7 in (12.67 m)
- 15 ft 4 in (4.67 m)
- Wing Area:
- 279 sq ft (25.9 sq m)
- Wing Loading:
- 40.9 lb/sq ft (200 kg/sq m)
- Empty Weight:
- 8,840 lb (4,010 kg)
- 13,250 lb (6,010 kg). Gross weight: 11,400 lb (5,171 kg)
- 1 × Napier Sabre IIA, IIB or IIC H-24 liquid-cooled sleeve-valve piston engine, 2,180 hp (1,630 kW) Sabre IIB: 2,200 hp (1,600 kW) Sabre IIC: 2,260 hp (1,690 kW)
- Maximum speed: 412 mph (663 km/h, 358 kn) at 19,000 ft (5,800 m) with Sabre IIB & 4-bladed propeller
- Stall Speed:
- 88 mph (142 km/h, 76 kn) IAS with flaps up
- 510 mi (820 km, 440 nmi)
- Rate of Climb:
- 2,740 ft/min (13.9 m/s)
- Service Ceiling:
- 35,200 ft (10,700 m)