DescriptionThe North American Aviation T-28 Trojan is a piston-engined military trainer aircraft used by the United States Air Force and United States Navy beginning in the 1950s.
Besides its use as a trainer, the T-28 was successfully employed as a counter-insurgency aircraft, primarily during the Vietnam War. It has continued in civilian use as an aerobatics and Warbird performer.
On September 24, 1949, the XT-28 (company designation NA-159) was flown for the first time, designed to replace the T-6 Texan. The T-28A arrived at the Air Proving Ground, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, in mid-June 1950, for suitability tests as an advanced trainer by the 3200th Fighter Test Squadron, with consideration given to its transition, instrument, and gunnery capabilities. Found satisfactory, a contract was issued and between 1950 and 1957, a total of 1,948 were built.
Following the T-28's withdrawal from U.S. military service, a number were remanufactured by Hamilton Aircraft into two versions called the Nomair. The first refurbished machines, designated T-28R-1 were similar to the standard T-28s they were adapted from, and were supplied to the Brazilian Navy. Later, a more ambitious conversion was undertaken as the T-28R-2, which transformed the two-seat tandem aircraft into a five-seat cabin monoplane for general aviation use. Other civil conversions of ex-military T-28As were undertaken by PacAero as the Nomad Mark I and Nomad Mark II.
For more information on the operational history and 13 variants, click here.
Specifications below are for the T-28D variant.
- 33 ft 0 in (10.06 m)
- 40 ft 1 in (12.22 m)
- 12 ft 8 in (3.86 m)
- Wing Area:
- 268.0 sq ft (24.90 sq m)
- Empty Weight:
- 6,424 lb (2,914 kg) (equipped)
- 8,500 lb (3,856 kg)
- Fuel Capacity:
- 177 USgallon
- 1 × Wright R-1820-86 Cyclone 9-cylinder air-cooled radial engine, 1,425 hp (1,063 kW)
- Maximum speed: 343 mph (552 km/h, 298 kn) at 10,000 ft (3,000 m)
- Cruise Speed:
- 200 knots / 230 mph / 370 km/h BAS
- Ferry range: 1,060 mi (1,710 km, 920 nmi)
- Rate of Climb:
- 3,540 ft/min (18.0 m/s)
- Service Ceiling:
- 35,500 ft (10,800 m)